Sir Isaac Newton PRS MP was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist and theologian was born on 25 December 1642.

He was considered by many to be the greatest and most influential scientist who ever lived. He founded the law of universal gravitation, discovered the main factor of planet shape determination. Discovered main laws of classical mechanic, celestial body movement theory, celestial mechanic fundamentals. His great achievements such as the Earth’s level surface flattening determination and formulation of the theorem of relation between gravity and latitude of a position play important role in the development of geodesy.

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